After apples and grapes, oranges are the most commonly grown fruits in Türkiye. Today, close to half of citrus production consists of oranges, followed by mandarins, lemons, and grapefruits. The fertile soil and subtropical climate of coastal Mediterranean and partly subtropical Aegean regions are perfect for high-quality orange production. There are more than a thousand orange cultivars grown in the world.
The majority of orange production in Türkiye is made up of Navel orange, Valencia, Blood orange, Shamouti, and Finike, Kozan, varieties has perferct volite composition that makes these products to use in vine, fresh etc. Navel orange, with its large, slightly oval shape, is the most common variety of orange known in the region. It is sweet, juicy, aromatic, almost seedless, and easily peeled. Oranges are incredibly versatile in the kitchen. They can be eaten fresh, squeezed for juice, and grated for orange zest. They can also be dried and eaten as healthy snacks.