Türkiye, bridging Europe and Asia, is surrounded by seas on three sides and has altitudes ranging from sea level to mountain ranges over 5,000 meters high. These ecological characteristics result in a variety of climatic conditions throughout the country, giving it a biological richness more so than any of its neighboring countries.
This ecological mosaic provides nesting and breeding areas for thousands of fauna and flora species. Two of the four migratory routes of the West Palaearctic Region pass over Türkiye. More than 11,000 plant species, of which 3,000 are endemic, have been identified in our country.